Unfortunately, the English language version of the standard reference work on the Dutch parliament has never been updated: E. van Raalte, The Parliament of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, London/The Hague: Hansard Society/Government Printing Office, 1959.

The origins of bicameralism in the Netherlands are discussed in: G.A.M. Beekelaar and H. de Schepper, The First Chamber in the Netherlands, 1815-1848, in H.W. Blom et al. (eds.), Bicameralisme; Tweekamerstelsel Vroeger en Nu, The Hague: SDU, 1992, pp. 278-289.

On legislative recruitment, see:

  • M. Leijenaar and K. Niemöller, The Netherlands, in: P. Norris (ed.), Passages to Power; Legislative Recruitment in Advanced Democracies, Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 114-136
  • R.A. Koole and M. Leijenaar, The Netherlands: the Predominance of Regionalism, in M. Gallagher and M. Marsh (eds), Candidate Selection in Comparative Perspective: the Secret Garden of Politics, London: Sage, 1988, pp. 190-209. 

Legislative behaviour is the focus of:

  • J. van Schagen, The Principle of Discontinuity and the Efficiency of the Legislative Process, The Journal of Legislative Studies, Vol.3:4 (1997), pp. 115-125
  • R.B. Andeweg, Role Specialisation or Role Switching? Dutch MPs Between Electorate and Executive, in: W.C. Müller and Th. Saalfeld (eds.), Members of Parliament in Western Europe: Roles and Behaviour, London: Cass, 1997, pp. 110-127 (Also published in The Journal of Legislative Studies, Vol.3:1 (1997))
  • R.B. Andeweg,, Executive-Legislative Relations in the Netherlands: Consecutive and Coexisting Patterns, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 17 (1992), pp. 161-182
  • K. Gladdish, Parliamentary Activism and Legitimacy in the Netherlands, in: Ph. Norton (ed.), Parliaments in Western Europe, London: Cass, 1990, pp. 103-119 (Also published in West European Politics, Vol. 13 (1990)). 

The study of legislative behaviour is greatly facilitated by the existence of a series of extensive surveys among members of the Dutch parliament, carried out as a joint effort of political scientists from the universities of Leiden, Twente, and Rotterdam. For more information, including a translation into English of the codebook of the latest study, see: J.J.A. Thomassen et al., Dutch Members of Parliament 1990: Codebook. Leiden: Department of Political Science, 1992.

On the Dutch parliament and the European Union, see: M.P.C.M. van Schendelen, The Netherlands: From Founding Father to Mounding Baby, in: Ph. Norton (ed.), National Parliaments and the European Union, London: Cass, 1996, pp. 60-74 (Also published in The Journal of Legislative Studies, Vol.2 (1996)).

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